Diagnosing cancer often provides the best chance for a cure. So, cancer prevention and early detection should be done by talking with your doctor about what types of cancer screening may be appropriate for you. Certain cancers can save lives by early detection whereas screening tests are recommended for people with increased risk of other cancers.
Your doctor may use one or more of these approaches which helps you with cancer prevention and early detection.
- Physical exam. Your doctor may feel areas on your body for lumps which is a major indicator of cancer. He may also look for abnormalities, such as skin discoloration or enlargement of an organ, that may also indicate the presence of cancer.
- Laboratory tests. Laboratory tests like the urine and blood test, assists your doctor to identify the abnormalities caused by cancer. For instance, a common blood test called complete blood count for people with leukaemia, may reveal an unusual number or type of white blood cells.
- Imaging tests. Imaging tests allow your doctor to examine your bones along with the internal organs in a non-invasive way. It may include a CT scan, bone scan, MRI, PET scan, ultrasound and X-ray, etc.
- Biopsy. For laboratory testing, your doctor will collect a sample of cells to diagnose cancer in a biopsy.
In the laboratory, doctors examine the cell samples under the microscope. Normal cells look the same, with similar sizes and an orderly arrangement but the cancer cells have a different look with unusual sizes and less orderly arrangement.
Cancer prevention and early detection is a key aspect where the chances of developing cancer can be minimized or avoided by the lifestyle choices you make.
Stop using tobacco
Smoking has been linked to different types of cancer and also chewing tobacco has been linked to oral and pancreatic cancer. Even if you are not using tobacco, exposure to second-hand smoke might increase the chances of lung cancer. Cancer prevention and early detection is an important part where you have to follow strict strategies to stop smoking products.
Eat a healthy diet
Cancer prevention and early detection creates an awareness for you to maintain a healthy diet where you should intake more fresh fruits and vegetables along with whole grains. Limit processed foods and choose less calorie foods in your diet.
Be physically active
Be physically active and fit which itself can lower the risk of taking measures for cancer prevention and early detection. Keep your weight in control and at least spend 30 minutes per day to perform some physical activity in your daily routine which may lower the risk of various types of cancer including cancers like the prostate, lung, colon and kidney cancers.
Cancer prevention and early detection includes protection from certain viral infections where you are supposed to talk to your doctor about vaccination against
- Hepatitis B vaccine – recommended for persons who use intravenous drugs and practice unsafe sex.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine – recommended for The HPV vaccine is recommended for girls and boys aged between 11 and 12 as the HPV is a sexually transmitted virus which leads to cervical and other genital cancers.
Protect yourself from the sun
Avoid midday sun, stay indoors, wear sunglasses, cover exposed areas, use sunscreen lotions with an SPF of 30, to protect yourself to avoid the future risks of cancer prevention and early detection.
Get regular check-ups
Do not share needles with people who use intravenous drugs which can lead to HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C that can increase the risk of liver cancer. If you’re concerned about cancer prevention and early detection especially on drug misuse or addiction, seek professional help immediately. Apart from this, regular self-exams and screenings for different types of cancers can increase your chances of discovering cancer early and make your treatment most successful.